In human genetics, Haplogroup N is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.
An enormous haplogroup spanning many continents, the macro-Haplogroup N is a branch of the African haplogroup L3, and is believed to have originated in Africa some 60,000 years before present.
The two haplogroups Haplogroup M and N are believed to represent the initial migration by modern humans out of Africa. Haplogroup N is the ancestral haplogroup to almost all European haplogroups and many Eurasian ones.
Its descendant haplogroups include the macro haplogroup R (and its descendants) and haplogroups N1, Haplogroup A, Haplogroup I, Haplogroup W, and Haplogroup X.
Its ancestral haplogroup was Haplogroup N.
Spread of Haplogroup N, from National Geographic