Lewis phenotypes and the insulin resistance syndrome in young healthy white men and women
Clausen JO, Hein HO, Suadicani P, Winther K, Gyntelberg F, Pedersen O Am J Hypertens 1995 Nov;8(11):1060-1066 Medical Department C, Glostrup Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
An increased risk of ischemic heart disease in men with the Lewis blood group phenotype Le(a-b-) has been reported. It has been suggested that the Le(a-b-) phenotype is a genetic marker of the insulin resistance syndrome. To examine whether Le(a-b-) confers the insulin resistance syndrome, we studied a random sample of unrelated healthy young white men and women living in Copenhagen (n = 380, 18 to 32 years). Twenty-one men had the Le(a-b-) phenotype. Compared to all other men (N = 165), the Le(a-b-) men had a significantly higher SBP (6 mm Hg, P = .0024). They also had higher values of BMI (8%, P = .016), total body fat mass (25%, P = .015), fasting values of serum insulin (32%, P = .006), serum C-peptide (20%, P = .029), and plasma glucose (8%, P = .003). The fasting values of serum lipids, plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) activity, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) antigen, and insulin sensitivity did not differ between Le(a-b-) men and men with other Lewis phenotypes. Our data support the hypothesis that Le(a-b-) men exhibit features of the insulin resistance syndrome, including higher levels of BMI, SBP, and fasting levels of serum insulin and plasma glucose. In young women no signs of the insulin resistance syndrome were found in subjects with the Le(a-b-) phenotype.