World map of human migrations, with the North Pole at center. Africa, harboring the start of the migration, is at the top left and South America at the far right.
Is the region that was covred by ice or tundra in the last ice age
Numbers represent thousand of years before present The letters are the Mitocondrial DNA haplogroups (pure motherly lineages); Haplogroups can be used to define genetic populations and are often geographically orientated. For example, the following are common divisions for mtDNA haplogroups:
- General European: H, V
- Southern European: J, K
- Northern European: T, U, X
- Near Eastern: J, N
- African: L, L1, L2, L3, L3*
- Asian: A, B, C, D, E, F, G (note: M is composed of C, D, E, and G)
- Native American: A, B, C, D, and sometimes X
Map of human races migration, according to the mithocondrial dna. Number represent thousand years before present time. The blue line represents area covered in ice or tundra during the last great ice age.