The INDIVIDUALIST

A Wiki about biochemical individuality

Polymorphism

See Also

Occurrence of A and B in the Human Body Outside of the Erythrocytes

The antigens A and B are not restricted to the red cells of the blood. They seem to occur in all cells and tissue fluids, except the cerebrospinal fluid, testicle, lens, chorion frondosum of the placenta, hair, compact bone, cartilage,' epithelial cells of the skin, and the nails. This table, taken from Boyd (1) shows the relative amounts in the parts of the body which have been studied quantitatively.

Amounts of Group Substances in Organs and Fluids

From Hartmann (2) and Schiff (3)

Relative Amounts of Water Soluble Group Substances in Organs and Feces of Secretors (Inhibiting Doses per Gram)
Organ Moist weightDry weightOrganMoist WeightDry weight
Brain2-426Lungs9-22111
Spleen4-Kidney2986
Feces5100Heart34107
Aorta1024Oesophagus200-
Muscle10-2036Pancreas180-3101390
Liver1648Duodenum400-
Fat16-Stomach2000-
Kidney16----



Relative Amounts of Group Substances in Excretions and Secretions, Compared with Erythrocytes. (Dilutions which Inhibit Isohemagglutination)

From Putkonen (4)

MaterialDilutionMaterialDilution
Saliva 128-1024Tears 2-8
Sperm 128-1024Urine 2-4
Amniotic fluid 64- 356Cerebrospinal fluid 0
Erythrocytes 8- 32--

Links


1. Boyd, W. Fundamentals of Immunology, First Edition, Interscience, 1943

2. Hartmann G. Group Antigens in Human Organs, Copenhagen, 1941

3. Schiff F. Ueber die gruppenspezifischen Sunstanzen des menschlichen Korpers, Jena, 1931

4. Putkonen T. Acta Soc Med Fen"Duodecim' Ser. A 14 S2, 1930.

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